Identifying trade-offs between biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services delivery for land-use decisions.

Sustainable land-use management must account for the potential trade-offs between biodiversity conservation, productive land uses and ecosystem services. In this study, we used Marxan with Zones to generate land use plans that optimize conservation, farming and forestry land uses to reach biodiversity targets while minimizing the opportunity cost for local communities in an inhabited but data-poor National Park in the Andes of Bolivia.

Based on six alternative land-use plans, we identified the synergies and trade-offs between the biodiversity benefits achieved in the different plans and the delivery of four locally important water-related ecosystem services modeled with the web-based tool AguAAndes.

Although we find synergies between the conservation of high altitude Polylepis woodlands and their associated avifauna and three of the ecosystem services investigated, soil erosion levels were actually higher in scenarios with higher achieved biodiversity benefits.

Our study shows how systematic conservation planning and ecosystem service delivery modelling can be used to solve land-use conflicts and identify trade-offs between biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services in a data-poor tropical area.

Biodiversity conservation through the lens of metacommunity ecology.

Metacommunity ecology combines local (e.g., environmental filtering and biotic interactions) and regional (e.g., dispersal and heterogeneity) processes to understand patterns of species abundance, occurrence, composition, and diversity across scales of space and time. As such, it has a great potential to generalize and synthesize our understanding of many ecological problems.

Human(NO)

QY-E05308 96T
EUR 361

DMEM, High Glucose, No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM007-050 500ml
EUR 74

DMEM, High Glucose, No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM007-300 6x500ml
EUR 165

DMEM, High Glucose, No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM007-310 10x500ml
EUR 205

DMEM, High Glucose, No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM007-320 20x500ml
EUR 317

DMEM, High Glucose, No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM007-350 50x500ml
EUR 585

DMEM, High Glucose , No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM009-050 500ml
EUR 74

DMEM, High Glucose , No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM009-300 6x500ml
EUR 165

DMEM, High Glucose , No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM009-310 10x500ml
EUR 205

DMEM, High Glucose , No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM009-320 20x500ml
EUR 317

DMEM, High Glucose , No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM009-350 50x500ml
EUR 585

DMEM, High Glucose, No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CMP07-001 10x1L
EUR 99

DMEM, High Glucose, No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CMP07-010 10L
EUR 84

DMEM, High Glucose, No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CMP07-050 50L
EUR 142

GENE`s Protein Ladder Extended prestained, 13 bands, 5 - 245kD

310010 1x500µl
EUR 133

GENE`s Protein Ladder Extended prestained, 13 bands, 5 - 245kD

310011 5x500µl
EUR 511

2K Plus DNA Marker (8 linear double-stranded DNA bands)

20-abx098046
  • EUR 258.00
  • EUR 189.00
  • 2.5 ml
  • 500 ul
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.

2K Plus DNA Marker (9 linear double-stranded DNA bands)

20-abx098047
  • EUR 258.00
  • EUR 189.00
  • 2.5 ml
  • 500 ul
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.

100bp Plus DNA Marker (12 linear double-stranded DNA bands)

20-abx098053
  • EUR 272.00
  • EUR 189.00
  • 2.5 ml
  • 500 ul
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.

100bp Plus DNA Marker (14 linear double-stranded DNA bands)

20-abx098054
  • EUR 300.00
  • EUR 203.00
  • 2.5 ml
  • 500 ul
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.

SEQ ID NO:549

5-01922 4 x 5mg Ask for price

Human NO ELISA Kit

EHN0048 96Tests
EUR 521

Bovine NO ELISA Kit

EBN0048 96Tests
EUR 521

Anserini NO ELISA Kit

EAN0048 96Tests
EUR 521

Chicken NO ELISA Kit

ECKN0048 96Tests
EUR 521

Canine NO ELISA Kit

ECN0048 96Tests
EUR 521

Goat NO ELISA Kit

EGTN0048 96Tests
EUR 521

NO ELISA KIT|Human

EF007402 96 Tests
EUR 689

Ceraplex , No Phenol red

C3320-050 500ml Ask for price

Porcine NO ELISA Kit

EPN0048 96Tests
EUR 521

Sheep NO ELISA Kit

ESN0048 96Tests
EUR 521

Rat NO ELISA Kit

ERN0048 96Tests
EUR 521

Rabbit NO ELISA Kit

ERTN0048 96Tests
EUR 521

Monkey NO ELISA Kit

EMKN0048 96Tests
EUR 521

Mouse NO ELISA Kit

EMN0048 96Tests
EUR 521

CMV-Luciferase (No marker)

LVP911a 1x107 IFU/ml x 200ul
EUR 349
Description: Pre-made lentivirus express firefly luciferase under CMV promoter (do not containing any antibiotic selection marker), provided in DMEM medium with 10% FBS and 60ug/ml of polybrene.

EF1a-Luciferase (No marker)

LVP911b 1x107 IFU/ml x 200ul
EUR 349
Description: Pre-made lentivirus express firefly luciferase under EF1a promoter (do not containing any antibiotic selection marker), provided in DMEM medium with 10% FBS and 60ug/ml of polybrene.

1.5ML MICROTUBES, NO CAP

MCT-150-NC 500/pk
EUR 119
Description: Micro Tubes; Micro Tubes Push Cap- Axygen

Anti-NO-synthase antibody

STJ16101278 50 µl
EUR 964

Anti-NO-synthase antibody

STJ16101290 50 µl
EUR 949

Anti-NO-synthase antibody

STJ16101412 50 µl
EUR 964

Anti-NO-synthase antibody

STJ16101424 50 µl
EUR 949

GENE`s Protein Ladder PS10 PLUS prestained, 10 bands, 11 - 180kD

310003 1x500 µl
EUR 120

GENE`s Protein Ladder PS10 PLUS prestained, 10 bands, 11 - 180kD

310004 5x500µl
EUR 459

GENE`s Plus Protein Ladder PS11 prestained, 11 bands, 10 - 175kD

310005 1x500µl
EUR 120

GENE`s Plus Protein Ladder PS11 prestained, 11 bands, 10 - 175kD

310006 5x500µl
EUR 459

GENE`s Protein Ladder Wide Range, prestained, 10 bands, 6,5 - 270kD

310020 1x500µl
EUR 128

GENE`s Protein Ladder Wide Range, prestained, 10 bands, 6,5 - 270kD

310021 5x500µl
EUR 459

DMEM/Ham's F-12 (1:1 Mixture), No HEPES, No Phenol Red

CM020-050 500ml
EUR 85

DMEM/Ham's F-12 (1:1 Mixture), No HEPES, No Phenol Red

CM020-300 6x500ml
EUR 165

DMEM/Ham's F-12 (1:1 Mixture), No HEPES, No Phenol Red

CM020-310 10x500ml
EUR 219

DMEM/Ham's F-12 (1:1 Mixture), No HEPES, No Phenol Red

CM020-320 20x500ml
EUR 340

DMEM/Ham's F-12 (1:1 Mixture), No HEPES, No Phenol Red

CM020-350 50x500ml
EUR 585

BLOOD AGAR BASE NO.2

B02-109-10kg 10 kg
EUR 1266

BLOOD AGAR BASE NO.2

B02-109-2Kg 2 Kg
EUR 314

BLOOD AGAR BASE NO.2

B02-109-500g 500 g
EUR 122

TARGATT? 3 (no promoter - MCS)

AST-3043 20 uL
EUR 275
Description: 12 month

SEQ ID NO:549 Peptide

20-abx266211
  • EUR 439.00
  • EUR 718.00
  • EUR 328.00
  • 10 mg
  • 25 mg
  • 5 mg
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.

cellulose acetate unit (no accessories!)

EHCA1100-SYS ea
EUR 606

Guinea Pig NO ELISA Kit

EGN0048 96Tests
EUR 521

SensiFAST Probe No-ROX Kit

BIO-86002/S Sample Ask for price

SensiFAST Probe No-ROX Kit

BIO-86005 500 rxns Ask for price

SensiFAST Probe No-ROX Kit

BIO-86020 2000 rxns Ask for price

SensiFAST SYBR No-ROX Kit

BIO-98005 500 rxns Ask for price

SensiFAST SYBR No-ROX Kit

BIO-98020 2000 rxns Ask for price

Agar, Bacto , Cat No Changed

A2007-510 10Kg
EUR 2102

2.0ML MICROTUBES, NO CAP. CLEAR

MCT-200-NC 500/pk
EUR 111
Description: Micro Tubes; Micro Tubes Push Cap- Axygen

SensiMix SYBR No-ROX Kit

QT650-05 500 rxn Ask for price

SensiMix SYBR No-ROX Kit

QT650-20 2000 rxn Ask for price

Rabbit Anti-Human Ferritin (H-chain) IgG # 3, aff pure (no azide/no bsa)

FERH13-AW 100 ug
EUR 445

Human nitric oxide,NO ELISA Kit

201-12-1511 96 tests
EUR 440
  • This nitric oxide ELISA kit is validated to work with samples from whole blood, serum, plasma and cell culture supernatant.
Description: A quantitative ELISA kit for measuring Human in samples from biological fluids.

Genomic DNA Kit (No RNase A)

20-abx098862
  • EUR 398.00
  • EUR 230.00
  • 200 rxns
  • 50 rxns
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.

HotTaq Probe qPCR Mix (no ROX)

BT11002 250rxn
EUR 109
Description: High quality HotTaq polymerase for different PCR variations and downstream applications.

HotTaq EvaGreen qPCR Mix (no ROX)

BT11102 250rxn
EUR 123
Description: High quality HotTaq polymerase for different PCR variations and downstream applications.

HotTaq EvaGreen HRM Mix (no ROX)

BT11202 250rxn
EUR 123
Description: High quality HotTaq polymerase for different PCR variations and downstream applications.

Human nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit

GA-E1527HM-48T 48T
EUR 289

Human nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit

GA-E1527HM-96T 96T
EUR 466

Mouse nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit      

GA-E0452MS-48T 48T
EUR 336

Mouse nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit      

GA-E0452MS-96T 96T
EUR 534

Rat nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit

GA-E0711RT-48T 48T
EUR 373

Rat nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit

GA-E0711RT-96T 96T
EUR 609

Rabbit nitric oxide,NO ELISA Kit

GA-E0152RB-48T 48T
EUR 326

Rabbit nitric oxide,NO ELISA Kit

GA-E0152RB-96T 96T
EUR 524

TaqProbe 5X qPCR MasterMix-No Dye

MasterMix-5PS 4 x 1.0 ml for 1000 reactions (20 ul)
EUR 213

BrightGreen 5X qPCR MasterMix-No Dye

MasterMix-5S 4 x 1.0 ml for 1000 reactions (20 ul)
EUR 213

KiloGreen 2X qPCR MasterMix-No Dye

MasterMix-KS 4 x 1.25 ml - 500 reactions (20 ul)
EUR 140

BrightGreen miRNA qPCR MasterMix-No Dye

MasterMix-mS 4 x 1.25 ml for 500 reactions
EUR 151

TaqProbe 2X qPCR MasterMix-No Dye

MasterMix-PS 4 x 1.25 ml for 500 reactions (20 ul)
EUR 140

BrightGreen 2X qPCR MasterMix-No Dye

MasterMix-S 4 x 1.25 ml for 500 reactions (20 ul)
EUR 140

BrightGreen 2X qPCR MasterMix-No Dye

MasterMix-S-XL 16 x 1.25 ml for 2000 reactions (20 ul)
EUR 376

Human nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit

QY-E00533 96T
EUR 361

Rat nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit

QY-E10941 96T
EUR 361

Rat nitric oxide (NO) ELISA Kit

QY-E11842 96T
EUR 374

Mouse nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit

QY-E21092 96T
EUR 361

Rabbit nitric oxide,NO ELISA Kit

QY-E30147 96T
EUR 374

Chicken Nitric Oxide, NO ELISA Kit

QY-E80065 96T
EUR 426

96 well filter plate (no filter)

SD5006-EMPTY 12UNIT
EUR 87.41
  • Product category: Labware/Filtration Supplies/Filter Plates - DNA

1000bp/1kb DNA ladder (no loading dye)

305-005 50µg/250µl
EUR 50

1000bp/1kb DNA ladder (no loading dye)

305-025 5x50µg
EUR 120

Bacteria Genomic DNA Kit (No RNase A)

abx098240-50rxns 50 rxns
EUR 230
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.

Plant Genomic DNA Kit(No RNase A)

20-abx098863
  • EUR 384.00
  • EUR 230.00
  • 200 rxns
  • 50 rxns
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.

Blood Genomic DNA Kit (No RNase A)

20-abx098864
  • EUR 384.00
  • EUR 230.00
  • 200 rxns
  • 50 rxns
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.

HBSS (10X), calcium, magnesium, no phenol red

CA137-050 500 ml
EUR 99

DMEM, High Glucose , Powder , No Sodiim bicarbonate

CMP02-001 10x1L
EUR 101

SensiFAST Lyo-Ready No-ROX Mix, 2x

BIO-11060 10 x 10ml Ask for price

SensiFAST Lyo-Ready No-ROX Mix, 2x

BIO-11061 5ml Ask for price

SensiFAST SYBR No-ROX One-Step Kit

BIO-72001 100 rxns Ask for price

SensiFAST SYBR No-ROX One-Step Kit

BIO-72005 500 rxns Ask for price

SensiFAST Probe No-ROX One-Step Kit

BIO-76001 100 rxns Ask for price

SensiFAST Probe No-ROX One-Step Kit

BIO-76005 500 rxns Ask for price

SensiFAST Probe No-ROX Mix, 50 mL

BIO-86050 5000 rxn Ask for price

SensiFAST SYBR No-ROX Mix, 50 mL

BIO-98050 5000 rxn Ask for price

SYBR Green qPCR Master Mix (No ROX)

HY-K0523 5 mL (500 rxns )
EUR 257

One-Step BrightGreen qRT-PCR-No Dye

G471-S 100 rxn (20 ul/rxn)
EUR 158

One-Step TaqProbe qRT-PCR-No Dye

G493-PS 100 rxn (20 ul/rxn)
EUR 158

Grace's With L-glutamine. No sodium bicarbonate.

GIP05-10LT 10 L
EUR 101
  • Product line: Animal Cell Culture Media
  • Product family: Grace's Insect Media
Description: With L-glutamine. No sodium bicarbonate.

Grace's With L-glutamine. No sodium bicarbonate.

GIP05-10X1LT 10 x 1 L
EUR 105
  • Product line: Animal Cell Culture Media
  • Product family: Grace's Insect Media
Description: With L-glutamine. No sodium bicarbonate.

Grace's With L-glutamine. No sodium bicarbonate.

GIP05-50LT 50 L
EUR 230
  • Product line: Animal Cell Culture Media
  • Product family: Grace's Insect Media
Description: With L-glutamine. No sodium bicarbonate.

Anti AGEs Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 6D12)

KH001
EUR 714
Description: The Anti AGEs Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 6D12) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

Anti Pyrraline Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. H12)

KH010
EUR 714
Description: The Anti Pyrraline Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. H12) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

Anti Nitrotyrosine Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No.2H1)

KH036
EUR 596
Description: The Anti Nitrotyrosine Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No.2H1) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

Anti PEDF Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No.14K)

KM037
EUR 714
Description: The Anti PEDF Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No.14K) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

Anti Metallothionein Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 1A12)

KA009
EUR 596
Description: The Anti Metallothionein Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 1A12) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

hTERT (EF1a) lentivirus (No any antibiotic selection)

LVP1131 1x107 IFU/ml x 200ul
EUR 349
Description: Premade lentivirus expressing human TERT gene under EF1a promoter. It does not contain any antibiotic selection.

CMV-Luciferase, in vivo read  (No Marker)

LVP911a-PBS 5x107 IFU/ml x 200ul
EUR 710
Description: Pre-made lentivirus express firefly luciferase under CMV promoter (do not containing any antibiotic selection marker), concentrated and provided in PBS solution

EF1a-Luciferase, in vivo read  (No Marker)

LVP911b-PBS 5x107 IFU/ml x 200ul
EUR 710
Description: Pre-made lentivirus express firefly luciferase under EF1a promoter (do not containing any antibiotic selection marker), concentrated and provided in PBS solution

BrightGreen Express 2X qPCR MasterMix-No Dye

MasterMix-ES 4 x 1.25 ml for 500 reactions (20 ul)
EUR 140

Accuris qMax Probe No Rox qPCR Mix

PR2001-N-1000 1 PC
EUR 467.74
  • To order instruments in 115V / US plug please delete the 'E' off the order code.European 2 pin plugs will be supplied as standard, please request UK if required.

Porcine a nitric oxide (NO) ELISA Kit

QY-E40076 96T
EUR 400

Guinea pig nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit

QY-E90054 96T
EUR 478

Recombinant purified human Ubiquitin protein (No-tag)

UBQ16-R 1 mg
EUR 202

Recombinant purified human Ubiquitin protein (No-tag)

UBQ16-R-10 10 mg
EUR 773

COVER GLASS, NO. 2, SQUARE 18 X 18MM

2855-18 50/pk
EUR 83
Description: Cover Glass; Cover Glass, CGW

COVER GLASS, NO. 2, SQUARE 22 X 22MM

2855-22 50/pk
EUR 109
Description: Cover Glass; Cover Glass, CGW

COVER GLASS, NO. 2, SQUARE 25 X 25MM

2855-25 50/pk
EUR 86
Description: Cover Glass; Cover Glass, CGW

COVER GLASS, NO. 1, RECTANGLE 22 X 30MM

2975-223 100/pk
EUR 114
Description: Cover Glass; Cover Glass, CGW

COVER GLASS, NO. 1, RECTANGLE 22 X 40MM

2975-224 100/pk
EUR 142
Description: Cover Glass; Cover Glass, CGW

COVER GLASS, NO. 1, RECTANGLE 22 X 50MM

2975-225 100/pk
EUR 167
Description: Cover Glass; Cover Glass, CGW

COVER GLASS, NO. 1, RECTANGLE 24 X 30MM

2975-243 100/pk
EUR 121
Description: Cover Glass; Cover Glass, CGW

COVER GLASS, NO. 1, RECTANGLE 24 X 40MM

2975-244 100/pk
EUR 152
Description: Cover Glass; Cover Glass, CGW

Here, we give an overview of how a metacommunity perspective can provide useful insights for conservation biology, which aims to understand and mitigate the effects of anthropogenic drivers that decrease population sizes, increase extinction probabilities, and threaten biodiversity.

We review four general metacommunity processes-environmental filtering, biotic interactions, dispersal, and ecological drift-and discuss how key anthropogenic drivers (e.g., habitat loss and fragmentation, and nonnative species) can alter these processes. We next describe how the patterns of interest in metacommunities (abundance, occupancy, and diversity) map onto issues at the heart of conservation biology, and describe cases where conservation biology benefits by taking a scale-explicit metacommunity perspective.

We conclude with some ways forward for including metacommunity perspectives into ideas of ecosystem functioning and services, as well as approaches to habitat management, preservation, and restoration.

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