Identifying trade-offs between biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services delivery for land-use decisions.

Sustainable land-use management must account for the potential trade-offs between biodiversity conservation, productive land uses and ecosystem services. In this study, we used Marxan with Zones to generate land use plans that optimize conservation, farming and forestry land uses to reach biodiversity targets while minimizing the opportunity cost for local communities in an inhabited but data-poor National Park in the Andes of Bolivia.

Based on six alternative land-use plans, we identified the synergies and trade-offs between the biodiversity benefits achieved in the different plans and the delivery of four locally important water-related ecosystem services modeled with the web-based tool AguAAndes.

Although we find synergies between the conservation of high altitude Polylepis woodlands and their associated avifauna and three of the ecosystem services investigated, soil erosion levels were actually higher in scenarios with higher achieved biodiversity benefits.

Our study shows how systematic conservation planning and ecosystem service delivery modelling can be used to solve land-use conflicts and identify trade-offs between biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services in a data-poor tropical area.

Biodiversity conservation through the lens of metacommunity ecology.

Metacommunity ecology combines local (e.g., environmental filtering and biotic interactions) and regional (e.g., dispersal and heterogeneity) processes to understand patterns of species abundance, occurrence, composition, and diversity across scales of space and time. As such, it has a great potential to generalize and synthesize our understanding of many ecological problems.

DMEM, High Glucose, No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM007-300 GenDepot 6x500ml 165 EUR

DMEM, High Glucose, No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM007-310 GenDepot 10x500ml 205 EUR

DMEM, High Glucose, No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM007-320 GenDepot 20x500ml 317 EUR

DMEM, High Glucose, No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM007-350 GenDepot 50x500ml 585 EUR

DMEM, High Glucose , No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM009-050 GenDepot 500ml 74 EUR

DMEM, High Glucose , No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM009-300 GenDepot 6x500ml 165 EUR

DMEM, High Glucose , No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM009-310 GenDepot 10x500ml 205 EUR

DMEM, High Glucose , No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM009-320 GenDepot 20x500ml 317 EUR

DMEM, High Glucose , No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CM009-350 GenDepot 50x500ml 585 EUR

DMEM, High Glucose, No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CMP07-001 GenDepot 10x1L 99 EUR

DMEM, High Glucose, No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CMP07-010 GenDepot 10L 84 EUR

DMEM, High Glucose, No L-glutamine, No sodium pyruvate

CMP07-050 GenDepot 50L 142 EUR

2K Plus DNA Marker (8 linear double-stranded DNA bands)

20-abx098046 Abbexa
  • 258.00 EUR
  • 189.00 EUR
  • 2.5 ml
  • 500 ul

2K Plus DNA Marker (9 linear double-stranded DNA bands)

20-abx098047 Abbexa
  • 258.00 EUR
  • 189.00 EUR
  • 2.5 ml
  • 500 ul

100bp Plus DNA Marker (12 linear double-stranded DNA bands)

20-abx098053 Abbexa
  • 272.00 EUR
  • 189.00 EUR
  • 2.5 ml
  • 500 ul

100bp Plus DNA Marker (14 linear double-stranded DNA bands)

20-abx098054 Abbexa
  • 300.00 EUR
  • 203.00 EUR
  • 2.5 ml
  • 500 ul

GENE`s Protein Ladder Extended prestained, 13 bands, 5 - 245kD

310010 GeneOn 1x500µl 133 EUR

GENE`s Protein Ladder Extended prestained, 13 bands, 5 - 245kD

310011 GeneOn 5x500µl 511 EUR

1.5ML MICROTUBES, NO CAP

MCT-150-NC CORNING 500/pk 119 EUR
Description: Micro Tubes; Micro Tubes Push Cap- Axygen

CMV-Luciferase (No marker)

LVP911a GenTarget 1x107 IFU/ml x 200ul 349 EUR
Description: Pre-made lentivirus express firefly luciferase under CMV promoter (do not containing any antibiotic selection marker), provided in DMEM medium with 10% FBS and 60ug/ml of polybrene.

EF1a-Luciferase (No marker)

LVP911b GenTarget 1x107 IFU/ml x 200ul 349 EUR
Description: Pre-made lentivirus express firefly luciferase under EF1a promoter (do not containing any antibiotic selection marker), provided in DMEM medium with 10% FBS and 60ug/ml of polybrene.

Sheep NO ELISA Kit

ESN0048 Abclonal 96Tests 521 EUR

Anserini NO ELISA Kit

EAN0048 Abclonal 96Tests 521 EUR

Rat NO ELISA Kit

ERN0048 Abclonal 96Tests 521 EUR

Rabbit NO ELISA Kit

ERTN0048 Abclonal 96Tests 521 EUR

Monkey NO ELISA Kit

EMKN0048 Abclonal 96Tests 521 EUR

Mouse NO ELISA Kit

EMN0048 Abclonal 96Tests 521 EUR

Porcine NO ELISA Kit

EPN0048 Abclonal 96Tests 521 EUR

Human NO ELISA Kit

EHN0048 Abclonal 96Tests 521 EUR

Chicken NO ELISA Kit

ECKN0048 Abclonal 96Tests 521 EUR

Canine NO ELISA Kit

ECN0048 Abclonal 96Tests 521 EUR

Bovine NO ELISA Kit

EBN0048 Abclonal 96Tests 521 EUR

Goat NO ELISA Kit

EGTN0048 Abclonal 96Tests 521 EUR

Anti-NO-synthase antibody

STJ16101278 St John's Laboratory 50 µl 964 EUR

Anti-NO-synthase antibody

STJ16101290 St John's Laboratory 50 µl 949 EUR

Anti-NO-synthase antibody

STJ16101412 St John's Laboratory 50 µl 964 EUR

Anti-NO-synthase antibody

STJ16101424 St John's Laboratory 50 µl 949 EUR

Ceraplex , No Phenol red

C3320-050 GenDepot 500ml Ask for price

SEQ ID NO:549

5-01922 CHI Scientific 4 x 5mg Ask for price

NO ELISA KIT|Human

EF007402 Lifescience Market 96 Tests 689 EUR

GENE`s Protein Ladder PS10 PLUS prestained, 10 bands, 11 - 180kD

310003 GeneOn 1x500 µl 120 EUR

GENE`s Protein Ladder PS10 PLUS prestained, 10 bands, 11 - 180kD

310004 GeneOn 5x500µl 459 EUR

GENE`s Plus Protein Ladder PS11 prestained, 11 bands, 10 - 175kD

310005 GeneOn 1x500µl 120 EUR

GENE`s Plus Protein Ladder PS11 prestained, 11 bands, 10 - 175kD

310006 GeneOn 5x500µl 459 EUR

GENE`s Protein Ladder Wide Range, prestained, 10 bands, 6,5 - 270kD

310020 GeneOn 1x500µl 128 EUR

GENE`s Protein Ladder Wide Range, prestained, 10 bands, 6,5 - 270kD

310021 GeneOn 5x500µl 459 EUR

DMEM/Ham's F-12 (1:1 Mixture), No HEPES, No Phenol Red

CM020-050 GenDepot 500ml 85 EUR

DMEM/Ham's F-12 (1:1 Mixture), No HEPES, No Phenol Red

CM020-300 GenDepot 6x500ml 165 EUR

DMEM/Ham's F-12 (1:1 Mixture), No HEPES, No Phenol Red

CM020-310 GenDepot 10x500ml 219 EUR

DMEM/Ham's F-12 (1:1 Mixture), No HEPES, No Phenol Red

CM020-320 GenDepot 20x500ml 340 EUR

DMEM/Ham's F-12 (1:1 Mixture), No HEPES, No Phenol Red

CM020-350 GenDepot 50x500ml 585 EUR

2.0ML MICROTUBES, NO CAP. CLEAR

MCT-200-NC CORNING 500/pk 111 EUR
Description: Micro Tubes; Micro Tubes Push Cap- Axygen

cellulose acetate unit (no accessories!)

EHCA1100-SYS Consort ea 606 EUR

Guinea Pig NO ELISA Kit

EGN0048 Abclonal 96Tests 521 EUR

SensiMix SYBR No-ROX Kit

QT650-05 Bioline 500 rxn Ask for price

SensiMix SYBR No-ROX Kit

QT650-20 Bioline 2000 rxn Ask for price

Agar, Bacto , Cat No Changed

A2007-510 GenDepot 10Kg 2102 EUR

SensiFAST Probe No-ROX Kit

BIO-86002/S Bioline Sample Ask for price

SensiFAST Probe No-ROX Kit

BIO-86005 Bioline 500 rxns Ask for price

SensiFAST Probe No-ROX Kit

BIO-86020 Bioline 2000 rxns Ask for price

SensiFAST SYBR No-ROX Kit

BIO-98005 Bioline 500 rxns Ask for price

SensiFAST SYBR No-ROX Kit

BIO-98020 Bioline 2000 rxns Ask for price

SEQ ID NO:549 Peptide

20-abx266211 Abbexa
  • 439.00 EUR
  • 718.00 EUR
  • 328.00 EUR
  • 10 mg
  • 25 mg
  • 5 mg

TARGATT? 3 (no promoter - MCS)

AST-3043 Applied StemCell 20 uL 275 EUR
Description: 12 month

BLOOD AGAR BASE NO.2

B02-109-10kg Alphabiosciences 10 kg 1266 EUR

BLOOD AGAR BASE NO.2

B02-109-2Kg Alphabiosciences 2 Kg 314 EUR

BLOOD AGAR BASE NO.2

B02-109-500g Alphabiosciences 500 g 122 EUR

Rabbit Anti-Human Ferritin (H-chain) IgG # 3, aff pure (no azide/no bsa)

FERH13-AW Alpha Diagnostics 100 ug 445 EUR

96 well filter plate (no filter)

SD5006-EMPTY Bio Basic 12UNIT 87.41 EUR

Rabbit nitric oxide,NO ELISA Kit

GA-E0152RB-48T GenAsia Biotech 48T 326 EUR

Rabbit nitric oxide,NO ELISA Kit

GA-E0152RB-96T GenAsia Biotech 96T 524 EUR

Mouse nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit      

GA-E0452MS-48T GenAsia Biotech 48T 336 EUR

Mouse nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit      

GA-E0452MS-96T GenAsia Biotech 96T 534 EUR

Rat nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit

GA-E0711RT-48T GenAsia Biotech 48T 373 EUR

Rat nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit

GA-E0711RT-96T GenAsia Biotech 96T 609 EUR

Human nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit

GA-E1527HM-48T GenAsia Biotech 48T 289 EUR

Human nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit

GA-E1527HM-96T GenAsia Biotech 96T 466 EUR

HotTaq Probe qPCR Mix (no ROX)

BT11002 Bioatlas 250rxn 109 EUR
Description: High quality HotTaq polymerase for different PCR variations and downstream applications.

HotTaq EvaGreen qPCR Mix (no ROX)

BT11102 Bioatlas 250rxn 123 EUR
Description: High quality HotTaq polymerase for different PCR variations and downstream applications.

HotTaq EvaGreen HRM Mix (no ROX)

BT11202 Bioatlas 250rxn 123 EUR
Description: High quality HotTaq polymerase for different PCR variations and downstream applications.

Human nitric oxide,NO ELISA Kit

201-12-1511 SunredBio 96 tests 440 EUR
Description: A quantitative ELISA kit for measuring Human in samples from biological fluids.

Genomic DNA Kit (No RNase A)

20-abx098862 Abbexa
  • 398.00 EUR
  • 230.00 EUR
  • 200 rxns
  • 50 rxns

Rabbit nitric oxide,NO ELISA Kit

QY-E30147 Qayee Biotechnology 96T 374 EUR

Chicken Nitric Oxide, NO ELISA Kit

QY-E80065 Qayee Biotechnology 96T 426 EUR

Rat nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit

QY-E10941 Qayee Biotechnology 96T 361 EUR

Rat nitric oxide (NO) ELISA Kit

QY-E11842 Qayee Biotechnology 96T 374 EUR

Mouse nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit

QY-E21092 Qayee Biotechnology 96T 361 EUR

Human nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit

QY-E00533 Qayee Biotechnology 96T 361 EUR

TaqProbe 5X qPCR MasterMix-No Dye

MasterMix-5PS ABM 4 x 1.0 ml for 1000 reactions (20 ul) 213 EUR

BrightGreen 5X qPCR MasterMix-No Dye

MasterMix-5S ABM 4 x 1.0 ml for 1000 reactions (20 ul) 213 EUR

KiloGreen 2X qPCR MasterMix-No Dye

MasterMix-KS ABM 4 x 1.25 ml - 500 reactions (20 ul) 140 EUR

BrightGreen miRNA qPCR MasterMix-No Dye

MasterMix-mS ABM 4 x 1.25 ml for 500 reactions 151 EUR

TaqProbe 2X qPCR MasterMix-No Dye

MasterMix-PS ABM 4 x 1.25 ml for 500 reactions (20 ul) 140 EUR

BrightGreen 2X qPCR MasterMix-No Dye

MasterMix-S ABM 4 x 1.25 ml for 500 reactions (20 ul) 140 EUR

BrightGreen 2X qPCR MasterMix-No Dye

MasterMix-S-XL ABM 16 x 1.25 ml for 2000 reactions (20 ul) 376 EUR

SensiFAST Lyo-Ready No-ROX Mix, 2x

BIO-11060 Cusabio 10 x 10ml Ask for price

hTERT (EF1a) lentivirus (No any antibiotic selection)

LVP1131 GenTarget 1x107 IFU/ml x 200ul 349 EUR
Description: Premade lentivirus expressing human TERT gene under EF1a promoter. It does not contain any antibiotic selection.

CMV-Luciferase, in vivo read  (No Marker)

LVP911a-PBS GenTarget 5x107 IFU/ml x 200ul 710 EUR
Description: Pre-made lentivirus express firefly luciferase under CMV promoter (do not containing any antibiotic selection marker), concentrated and provided in PBS solution

EF1a-Luciferase, in vivo read  (No Marker)

LVP911b-PBS GenTarget 5x107 IFU/ml x 200ul 710 EUR
Description: Pre-made lentivirus express firefly luciferase under EF1a promoter (do not containing any antibiotic selection marker), concentrated and provided in PBS solution

Grace's With L-glutamine. No sodium bicarbonate.

GIP05-10LT Caisson Labs 10 L 101 EUR
Description: With L-glutamine. No sodium bicarbonate.

Grace's With L-glutamine. No sodium bicarbonate.

GIP05-10X1LT Caisson Labs 10 x 1 L 105 EUR
Description: With L-glutamine. No sodium bicarbonate.

Grace's With L-glutamine. No sodium bicarbonate.

GIP05-50LT Caisson Labs 50 L 230 EUR
Description: With L-glutamine. No sodium bicarbonate.

SYBR Green qPCR Master Mix (No ROX)

HY-K0523 MedChemExpress 5 mL (500 rxns ) 257 EUR

Anti Metallothionein Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 1A12)

KA009 Sceti 596 EUR
Description: The Anti Metallothionein Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 1A12) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

Anti AGEs Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 6D12)

KH001 Sceti 714 EUR
Description: The Anti AGEs Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 6D12) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

Anti Pyrraline Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. H12)

KH010 Sceti 714 EUR
Description: The Anti Pyrraline Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. H12) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

Anti Nitrotyrosine Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No.2H1)

KH036 Sceti 596 EUR
Description: The Anti Nitrotyrosine Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No.2H1) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

Anti PEDF Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No.14K)

KM037 Sceti 714 EUR
Description: The Anti PEDF Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No.14K) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

SensiFAST Lyo-Ready No-ROX Mix, 2x

BIO-11061 Bioline 5ml Ask for price

SensiFAST SYBR No-ROX One-Step Kit

BIO-72001 Bioline 100 rxns Ask for price

SensiFAST SYBR No-ROX One-Step Kit

BIO-72005 Bioline 500 rxns Ask for price

SensiFAST Probe No-ROX One-Step Kit

BIO-76001 Bioline 100 rxns Ask for price

SensiFAST Probe No-ROX One-Step Kit

BIO-76005 Bioline 500 rxns Ask for price

SensiFAST Probe No-ROX Mix, 50 mL

BIO-86050 Bioline 5000 rxn Ask for price

SensiFAST SYBR No-ROX Mix, 50 mL

BIO-98050 Bioline 5000 rxn Ask for price

HBSS (10X), calcium, magnesium, no phenol red

CA137-050 GenDepot 500 ml 99 EUR

DMEM, High Glucose , Powder , No Sodiim bicarbonate

CMP02-001 GenDepot 10x1L 101 EUR

Bacteria Genomic DNA Kit (No RNase A)

abx098240-50rxns Abbexa 50 rxns 230 EUR

Plant Genomic DNA Kit(No RNase A)

20-abx098863 Abbexa
  • 384.00 EUR
  • 230.00 EUR
  • 200 rxns
  • 50 rxns

Blood Genomic DNA Kit (No RNase A)

20-abx098864 Abbexa
  • 384.00 EUR
  • 230.00 EUR
  • 200 rxns
  • 50 rxns

1000bp/1kb DNA ladder (no loading dye)

305-005 GeneOn 50µg/250µl 50 EUR

1000bp/1kb DNA ladder (no loading dye)

305-025 GeneOn 5x50µg 120 EUR

Recombinant purified human Ubiquitin protein (No-tag)

UBQ16-R Alpha Diagnostics 1 mg 202 EUR

Recombinant purified human Ubiquitin protein (No-tag)

UBQ16-R-10 Alpha Diagnostics 10 mg 773 EUR

Porcine a nitric oxide (NO) ELISA Kit

QY-E40076 Qayee Biotechnology 96T 400 EUR

Guinea pig nitric oxide(NO)ELISA Kit

QY-E90054 Qayee Biotechnology 96T 478 EUR

One-Step BrightGreen qRT-PCR-No Dye

G471-S ABM 100 rxn (20 ul/rxn) 158 EUR

One-Step TaqProbe qRT-PCR-No Dye

G493-PS ABM 100 rxn (20 ul/rxn) 158 EUR

BrightGreen Express 2X qPCR MasterMix-No Dye

MasterMix-ES ABM 4 x 1.25 ml for 500 reactions (20 ul) 140 EUR

Accuris qMax Probe No Rox qPCR Mix

PR2001-N-1000 Benchmark Scientific 1 PC 467.74 EUR

0.2ML THIN WALL PCR TUBES, NO CAP. CLEAR

PCR-02-NC CORNING 1000/pk 318 EUR
Description: PCR Plates & Tubes; PCR Tubes - Axygen

OxiSelect Intracellular Nitric Oxide (NO) Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

STA-800 Cell Biolabs 96 assays 490 EUR
Description: The OxiSelect Intracellular Nitric Oxide Assay Kit is a cell-based assay for rapid detection of intracellular NO or NOS activity in cultured cells.  In brief, the cell-permeant NO probe passively diffuses into cells and is deacetylated by cellular esterases to a non-fluorescent intermediate.  When intracellular nitric oxide encounters this intermediate, it rapidly oxidizes to a highly fluorescent, triazolo-fluorescein analog.  The fluorescence intensity is proportional to the NO levels within the cell cytosol (detection limit of ~3 nM).  The kit?s provided Nitric Oxide Fluorometric Probe is NO specific, has excellent photostablity and pH stability, and is detected with standard fluorescein filters.  The probe is suitable for flow cytometry, fluorescent microscopy, and fluorescent microplate detection.  Each kit provides sufficient reagents to perform up to 96 assays, including blanks, standards, and unknown samples.

OxiSelect Intracellular Nitric Oxide (NO) Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

STA-800-5 Cell Biolabs 5 x 96 assays 1923 EUR
Description: The OxiSelect Intracellular Nitric Oxide Assay Kit is a cell-based assay for rapid detection of intracellular NO or NOS activity in cultured cells.  In brief, the cell-permeant NO probe passively diffuses into cells and is deacetylated by cellular esterases to a non-fluorescent intermediate.  When intracellular nitric oxide encounters this intermediate, it rapidly oxidizes to a highly fluorescent, triazolo-fluorescein analog.  The fluorescence intensity is proportional to the NO levels within the cell cytosol (detection limit of ~3 nM).  The kit?s provided Nitric Oxide Fluorometric Probe is NO specific, has excellent photostablity and pH stability, and is detected with standard fluorescein filters.  The probe is suitable for flow cytometry, fluorescent microscopy, and fluorescent microplate detection.  Each kit provides sufficient reagents to perform up to 96 assays, including blanks, standards, and unknown samples.

Anti Mouse GPR40 Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. G16)

KG116 Sceti 766 EUR
Description: The Anti Mouse GPR40 Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. G16) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

Anti AGE-3 Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 9D8)

KG122 Sceti 714 EUR
Description: The Anti AGE-3 Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 9D8) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

Anti AGE-1 Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 7C1)

KG132 Sceti 714 EUR
Description: The Anti AGE-1 Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 7C1) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

Anti AGE-4 Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 14B5)

KG133 Sceti 714 EUR
Description: The Anti AGE-4 Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 14B5) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

Anti Human RAGE Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 1C5)

KG134 Sceti 714 EUR
Description: The Anti Human RAGE Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 1C5) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

Anti Human GPR120 Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 2B6)

KG138 Sceti 714 EUR
Description: The Anti Human GPR120 Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 2B6) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

Anti Human KOR Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 5E3)

KG139 Sceti 714 EUR
Description: The Anti Human KOR Monoclonal Antibody (Clone No. 5E3) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

Here, we give an overview of how a metacommunity perspective can provide useful insights for conservation biology, which aims to understand and mitigate the effects of anthropogenic drivers that decrease population sizes, increase extinction probabilities, and threaten biodiversity.

We review four general metacommunity processes-environmental filtering, biotic interactions, dispersal, and ecological drift-and discuss how key anthropogenic drivers (e.g., habitat loss and fragmentation, and nonnative species) can alter these processes. We next describe how the patterns of interest in metacommunities (abundance, occupancy, and diversity) map onto issues at the heart of conservation biology, and describe cases where conservation biology benefits by taking a scale-explicit metacommunity perspective.

We conclude with some ways forward for including metacommunity perspectives into ideas of ecosystem functioning and services, as well as approaches to habitat management, preservation, and restoration.

Przewiń do góry